Gaia-X implements and promotes the concept of Federations. Federations allow service providers to connect their infrastructures in a trusted fashion in order to offer a distributed cloud model. Federations enable data owners to exchange data amongst each other and utilize them. They do so on the basis of mutually agreed rules and with the help of the possibilities for technical control provided by Gaia-X.
Federations create joint data spaces, which facilitate cooperation between different stakeholders and thereby promote innovation and value creation (Innovation by Federation).
Gaia-X Federations constitute a paradigm shift: Value is generated through the exchange of data between participants rather than by way of the traditional model based on maximizing protection and utilization of proprietary data (Data-Space-Driven Business Models).